Jump to content


National Autism Network

Join Today for FREE!

Look here for additional biomedical resources. Go to resources



Bio-Medical Treatments



References:

1. “Video Presentation: A Whole-Body Approach to Autism-Martha Herbert, MD, PhD.” Autism Research Institute. Accessed October 2, 2012. http://www.autism.co...nding_wholebody.

2. Levy, Susan E., and Susan L. Hyman. “Novel Treatments for Autistic Spectrum Disorders.” Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews 11, no. 2 (2005): 131-142. Accessed October 2, 2012. http://intraspec.ca/...tsForAutism.pdf.

3. Adams, James B. “Summary of Biomedical Treatments for Autism.” Autism Research Institute. April 7, 2007. Accessed October 2, 2012. http://autism.asu.ed...arybiomed07.pdf.

4. “Looking for Answers for Someone on the Autism Spectrum?” Autism360. Accessed October 2, 2012. http://autism360.org/.

5. Adams, James B., Leah J. Johnson, Linda D. Powell, David Quig, and Robert A. Rubin. “Gastrointestinal Flora and Gastrointestinal Status in Children with autism—Comparisons to Typical Children and Correlation with Autism Severity.” BMC Gastroenterology 11, no. 22 (March 2011): 1-13. Accessed October 3, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm....les/PMC3072352/.

6. Brodhead, Peter. “Healing the Gut and Working with Food Allergies.” Accessed October 3, 2012. http://www.brighterd...NSGP7RTAG86.PDF.

7. Sonya, Doherty. “Understanding ‘Autistic’ Behaviours: A Biomedical Perspective.” Treat Autism & ADHD. Accessed October 3, 2012. http://treatautism.c...tic-behaviours/.

8. Woeller, Brian. “Biomedical Autism Treatment—Bowel Pain, Posturing, and Odd Behavior.” Kurt Woeller’s Autism Recovery Treatment Blog. Video Posted December 1, 2009. Accessed October 3, 2012. http://www.autismrec...d-odd-behavior/.

9. Adams, J.B., J. Romdalvik, V.M. Ramanujam, M.S. Legator. “Mercury, Lead, and Zinc in Baby Teeth of Children with Autism Versus Controls.” Abstract. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 70, no. 12 (June 2007): 1046-1051. Accessed October 3, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm....pubmed/17497416.

10. Fallon, Joan. “Could one of the Most Widely Prescribed Antibiotics Amoxicillin/Clavulanate ‘AugnmentinTM’ be a Risk Factor for Autism.” Abstract. Medical Hypothesis 64, no. 2 (2005): 312-316. Accessed October 3, 2012. http://www.sciencedi...306987704004281.

11. Krigsman, Arthur. “Gastrointestinal Pathology in Autism: Description and Treatment.” Medical Veritas 4 (2007): 1522-1530. Accessed October 3, 2012. http://www.medicalve...m/AKrigsman.pdf.

12. Horrigan, Joseph. “Can Vitamins, Minerals and Other Supplements Relieve Autism Symptoms?” Thescienceteam (Autism Speaks Official Blog), February 3, 2012. Accessed October 4, 2012. http://blog.autismsp...utism-symptoms/.

13. “Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA).” The Free Dictionary. Accessed October 4, 2012. http://medical-dicti...tionary.com/RDA.

14. “Autism Fact Sheets: Supplements/Megavitamin Therapy.” Riley Child Development Center. Accessed October 4, 2012. http://www.asdindian...amins 11-09.pdf.

15. Adams, James B., Charles Holloway. “Pilot Study of a Moderate Dose Multivitamin/Mineral Supplement for Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder.” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 10, no. 6 (2004): 1033-1039. Accessed October 4, 2012. http://www.brainchil...pilot study.pdf.

16. Adams, James B., Tapan Audhya, Sharon McDonough-Means, Robert A. Rubin, David Quig, Elizabeth Geis, Eva Gehn, et al. “Effect of a Vitamin/Mineral Supplement on Children and Adults with Autism.” BMC Pediatrics 11, no. 111 (December 2011): 1-30. Accessed October 4, 2012. http://www.biomedcen...471-2431/11/111.

17. Angley, Maya, Susan Semple, Cassie Hewton, Fiona Paterson, Ross McKinnon. Angley M.T. et al. “Children and autism: Part 2: management with complementary medicines and dietary interventions.Australian Family Physician 36, no. 10 (2007): 827-830. Accessed October 4, 2012. http://www.racgp.org...00710angley.pdf.

18. Edelson, Stephen M. “Challenging Behaviors: Tips for Success.” Autism Research Institute. Accessed October 4, 2012. http://www.autism.co...p/treating_tips.

19. Edelcon, Stephen M. “Puberty & Seizures.” Autism Research Institute. Accessed October 4, 2012. http://www.autism.co...eizures_puberty.

20. “Studies Confirm Benefits of Vitamin B6/Magnesium Therapy for Autism, PDD, ADHD.” Autism Research Review International 20, no. 3 (2006): 5. Accessed October 4, 2012. http://www.autism.co...r/203/page5.pdf.

21. “Parent Rating of Behavioral Effects of Biomedical Interventions.” Autism Research Institute. March 2009. Accessed October 4, 2012. http://www.autism.co...Ratings2009.pdf.

22. Rossignol, Daniel A. “Novel and Emerging Treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review.” Annals of Clinical Psychiatry21, no. 4 (October-December 2009): 213-36. Accessed October 4, 2012. http://www.aacp.com/...ACP_Review2.pdf.

23. Colussi, GianLuca, Christiana Catena, Sara Baroselli, Elisa Nadalini, Roberta Lapenna, Alessandra Chiuch, and Leonardo A. Sechi. “Omega-3 Fatty Acids: from Biochemistry to their Clinical Use in the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease.” Recent Patents on Cardiovascular Drug Discovery 2 (2007): 13-21. Accessed October 5, 2012. http://www.benthamsc...2-1/0003PRC.pdf.

24. “Omega-3 Fatty Acids.” University of Maryland Medical Center. Accessed October 5, 2012. http://www.umm.edu/a...ga-3-000316.htm.

25. Stlanaker, Diedre. “UA Researcher Finds Possible Lipid Metabolism Disorder in Children with Autism.” (Press release) University of Alabama News. February 23, 2012. October 5, 2012. Accessed October 5, 2012. http://uanews.ua.edu...en-with-autism/.

26. Kidd, Parris M. “Autism, An Extreme Challenge to Integrative Medicine. Part II: Medical Management.” Alternative Medicine Review 7, no. 6 (2002): 472-499. Accessed October 5, 2012. http://www.altmedrev...ons/7/6/472.pdf.

27. Bent, Stephen, Kiah Bertoglio, Robert L. Hendren. “Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Autsitic Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review.” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 39, no. 8 (2009): 1145-1154. Accessed October 3, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm....les/PMC2710498/.

28. Cammeron, Jamia. “Profess Links Autism to Omega-3 Fatty Acids.” Crimson White, March 7, 2012. Accessed October 5, 2012. http://cw.ua.edu/201...-3-fatty-acids/.

29. “UA Professor Finds Link in Children with Autism.” Alabama 13 NBC news clip. Posted February 29, 2012. Accessed October 5, 2012. http://www2.alabamas...4209-vi-121650/.

30. Woeller, Brian. “Autism Treatment—Essential Fatty Acid Deficiency and Autism.” Kurt Woeller’s Autism Recovery Treatment Blog. Video Posted November 9, 2012. Accessed October 5, 2012. http://www.autismrec...ncy-and-autism/.

31. Collins, Richard A. “Biomedical Intervention and Prospects for Recovery from Autism.” Biomedical Scientist 50 (2006): 1-5. Accessed October 5, 2012. http://www.richardac...blic/autism.pdf.

32. “Probiotic Diet as an Intervention.” Autism-Help. Accessed October 5, 2012. http://www.autism-he...l-probiotic.htm.

33. Shaw, William, Ellen Kassen, Enrique Chaves. “Assessment of Antifungal Drug Therapy in Autism by Measurement of Suspected Microbial Metabolites in Urine with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry.” Clinical Practice of Alternative Medicine 1, no. 1 (Spring 2000): 15-26. Accessed October 5, 2012. http://www.greatplai...icle/index.html.

34. Lord, Richard S. Cheryl K. Burdette, J. Alexander Bralley. “Urinary Markers of Yeast Overgrowth.” Integrative Medicine 3, no. 5. (October/November 2004): 24-29. Accessed October 5, 2012. http://www.naturalhe...eastmarkers.pdf.

35. Lad, Manisha A. “BioMedical Approach for Autism: Basics Defeat Autism Now (DAN!) Model!!” UDAAN. Accessed October 8. 2012. http://www.udaan.org...m/AsdBioMed.pdf.

36. Jaret, Peter. “The Truth about Probiotics and Your Gut.” WebMD. June 9, 2010. Accessed October 8, 2012. http://www.webmd.com...benefits?page=2.

37. Wheeler, Marci. “An Introduction to Possible Biomedical Causes and Treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorders.” Indiana Institute on Disability and Community. Accessed October 8, 2012. http://www.iidc.indi....php?pageId=473.

38. Green, V. A., Pituch, K. A., Itchon, J., Choi, A., O’Reilly, M., & Sigafoos, J. (2006). Internet survey of treatments used by parents of children with autism. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 27 (1), 70–84. Accessed October 8, 2012. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2004.12.002.

39. Golnik, Allison E. “Complementary Alternative Medicine for Children with Autism: A Physician Survey.” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 39, no. 7. (2009): 996-1005. Accessed October 8, 2012. http://www.auburn.ed...tism/golnik.pdf.

40. J. William Critchfield, Saskia van Hemert, Michael Ash, Linda Mulder, and Paul Ashwood, “The Potential Role of Probiotics in the Management of Childhood Autism Spectrum Disorders,”Gastroenterology Research and Practice, vol. 2011, Article ID 161358, 8 pages, 2011. Accessed October 8, 2012. doi:10.1155/2011/161358.

41. Ashwood, Paul. “Defining the Underlying Biology of Gastrointestinal Dysfunction in Autism.” Abstract. Autism Speaks. 2011. Accessed October 8, 2012. http://www.autismspe...function-autism.

42. Horvath, K., and J.A. Perman. “Autism and Gastrointestinal Symptoms.” Abstract. Current Gastroenterology Reports 4, no 3. (June 2002): 251-258. Accessed October 9, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm....7?dopt=Abstract.

43. Mulloy, Austin, Russell Lang, Mark O’Reilly, Jeff Sigafoos, Giulio Lancioni, Mandy Rispoli. “Gluten-Free and Casein-Free Diets in the Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review.” Abstract. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 4, no. 3 (July-September 2010): 328-339. Accessed October 9, 2012. http://www.sciencedi...750946709001111.

44. Horvath, Karoly, John C. Papadimitriou, Anna Rabsztyn, Cinthia Drachenberg, J. Tyson Tildon. “Gastrointestinal Abnormalities in Children with Autistic Disorder.” Journal of Pediatrics 135, no. 5 (November 1999): 559-563. Accessed October 9, 2012. http://trainland.tri...om/gastroin.htm.

45. “Dimethylglycine.” WebMD. Accessed October 9, 2012. http://www.webmd.com...DIMETHYLGLYCINE.

46. Kern, J.K., V.S. Miller, P.L. Cauller, P.R. Kendall, M. Dodd. “Effectiveness of N, N-Dimethylglycine in Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorder. Abstract. Journal of Child Neurology 16, no. 3 (March 2001): 169-173. Accessed October 9, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm....pubmed/11305684.

47. Bolman, William M. and John A. Richmond. “A Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled, Crossover Pilot Trial of Dimethylglycine in Patients with Autistic Disorder.” Abstract. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 29, no. 3 (1999) 191-194. Accessed October 9, 2012. Doi: 10.1023/A1023023820671.


48. “Amino Acids.” WebMD. Accessed October 9, 2012. http://dictionary.we...rms/amino-acids.

49. Adams, James B., Stephen M. Edelson, Temple Grandin, Bernard Rimland, Jane Johnson. “Advice for Parents of Young Autistic Children (2012, Revised)—Part 1.” Autism Research Institute. Accessed October 9, 2012. http://www.autism.co...standing_advice.

50. Menon, Deepa. “What is Mitochondria Disease? What does it have to do with Autism, and are There Treatments?” jsnydersachs (Autism Speaks Official Blog), November 18, 2011. Accessed October 9, 2011. http://blog.autismsp...ere-treatments/.

51. Aldred, S., K.M. Moore, M. Fitzgerald, R.H. Waring. “Plasma Amino Acid Levels in Children with Autism and their Families.” Abstract. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 33, no. 1 (February 2003): 93-97. Accessed October 9, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm....pubmed/12708584.

52. Woeller, Brian. “Autism Treatment—Vocal Stimming, Amino Acids and Autism.” Kurt Woeller’s Autism Recovery Treatment Blog. Video Posted September 29, 2010. Accessed October 9, 2012. http://www.autismrec...ids-and-autism/.

53. Gleeson, Joseph. “Amino Acids, Autism and Epilepsy.” (Autism Speaks Official Blog)., September 14, 2012. Accessed October 10, 2012. http://www.autismspe...sm-and-epilepsy.

54. Lamm, Carin. “Sleep: Sleep and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).” Autism Speaks, Inc. Accessed October 10, 2012. http://www.autismspe...-wellness/sleep.

55. Marlow, Beth, Karen W. Adkins, Susan G. McGrew, Lily Wang, Suzanne E. Goldman, Diane Fawkes, Courtney Burnette. “Melatonin for Sleep in Children with Autism: A Controlled Trial Examining Dose, Tolerability, and Outcomes.” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 42,no. 8 (2012): 1729-1737. Accessed October 10, 2012. http://www.mc.vander...ponse trial.pdf.

56. Tordjman, S., G.M. Anderson, N. Pichard, H. Charbuy, Y. Touitou. “Nocturnal Excretion of 6-Sulphatoxymelatonin in Children with Autistic Disorder.” Abstract. Biology Psychiatry 57, no. 2 (January 2005): 134-138. Accessed October 10, 2012. http://www.biologica...1121-7/abstract.

57. Jan, J.E. and M.E. O’Donnell. Abstract. “Use of Melatonin in the Treatment of Paediatric Sleep Disorders.” Abstract. Journal of Pineal Research 21, no. 4 (1996): 193-199. Accessed October 10, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm..../pubmed/8989717.

58. Wirojanan, Juthamas, Sebastien Jacquemont, Rafael Diaz, Susan Bacalman, Thomas F. Anders, Randi J. Hagerman, and Beth L. Goodlin-Jones. “The Efficacy of Melatonin for Sleep Problems in Children with Autism, Fragile X Syndrome, or Autism and Fragile X Syndrome.” Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine 5, no. 2 (April 2009): 145-150. Accessed October 10, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm....les/PMC2670334/.

59. Galli-Caminati, Giuliana, Nicolas Deriaz, Gilles Bertschy. “Melatonin in the Treatment of Chronic Sleep Disorders in Adults with Autism: A Retrospective Study.” Swiss Medicine Weekly 139, no. 19 (2009): 293-296. Accessed October 10, 2012. http://www.smw.ch/do...t/smw-12342.pdf.

60. Kellman, Raphael. “The Autism-Thyroid Connection.” New Developments 15 (Fall 2011). Accessed October 10, 2012. http://www.devdelay....icleKellman.pdf.

61. “Grants Related to Potential Environmental Factors in Autism.” Autism Speaks, Inc. Accessed October 10, 2012. http://www.autismspe...onmental-grants.

62. Adams, J.B., C.E. Holloway, F. George, and D. Quig. “Analyses of Toxic Metals and Essential Minerals in the Hair of Arizona Children with Autism and Associated Conditions, and Their Mothers.” Biological Trace Element Research 110i, no 3. (2006): 193-209. Accessed October 10, 2012. http://media.mercola...etalsInHair.pdf.

63. Green, John. “Biomedical Treatment of Autism.” Autism Advocate (2006): 47-50. Accessed October 10, 2012. http://support.autis...pdf?docID=10452.

64. Robin, Suzanne. “Side Effects of Too Much Thyroid Medicine.” LiveStrong.com September 28, 2010. Accessed October 10, 2012. http://www.livestron...yroid-medicine/.

65. LaFranci, Stephen H., James E. Haddow and Joesph G. Hollowell. “Is Thyroid Inadequacy During Gestation a Risk Factor for Adverse Pregnancy and Developmental Outcomes?” Thyroid 15, no. 1 (2005): 60-71. Accessed October 10, 2012.

66. Molloy CA, Morrow AL, Meinzen-Derr J, Dawson G, Bernier R, Dunn M, Hyman SL, McMahon WM, Goudie-Nice J, Hepburn S, Minshew N, et al. Familial autoimmune thyroid disease as a risk factor for regression in children with autism spectrum disorder: A CPEA study. Abstract. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.2006; 36(3): 317–324. Accessed October 10, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm....pubmed/16598435.

67. Matthews, Julie. “Autism Diets and Nutrition: Providing Health Benefits for Many Children with ASD.” Autism Advocate (2010). Accessed October 11, 2012. http://www.autism-so...g/news/diet.pdf.

68. O’Reilly, B. A. and R. H. Waring. “Enzyme and Sulphur Oxidation Deficiencies in Autistic Children with Known Food/Chemical Intolerances.” Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine 8, no. 4 (1993): 198-200. Accessed October 11, 2012. http://www.orthomole...v08n04-p198.pdf.

69. Reasoner, Jordan. “Phenols and Salicylates: What They are and Why it Matters.” SCD Lifestyle. Accessed October 11, 2012. http://scdlifestyle....why-it-matters/.

70. Alberti, A., P. Pirrone, M. Elia, R.H. Waring, C. Romano. “Sulphation Deficit in “Low-Functioning” Autistic Children: A Pilot Study.” Abstract. Biological Psychiatry 46 no, 3 (1999): 420-424. Accessed October 11, 2012. http://www.researchg...n_a_pilot_study.

71. Waring, R.H. and L.V. Klovrza. “Sulphur Metabolism in Autism.” Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine 10 (2000): 25-32. Accessed October 11, 2012. http://www.encogniti...in Autism_2.pdf.

72. “Dextromethorphan and Quinidine.” PubMed Health. October 15, 2011. Accessed October 11, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm....lth/PMH0016263/.

73. “Brain Inflammation, Oxidative Damage & Autism.” Autism Speaks, Inc. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.autismspe...e-damage-autism.

74. “Detoxification, Glutathione & Autism.” TACA: Talk About Cuing Autism. July 7, 2010. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.tacanow.o...athione-autism/.

75. Kalpana Velmurugan, Jawed Alam, Joe M. McCord, Subbiah Pugazhenthi, Synergistic induction of heme oxygenase-1 by the components of an antioxidant supplement Protandim, Free Radical Biology and Medicine (2008). Accessed October 12, 2012. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2008.10.050.

76. Rose, S., S. Melnyk, O. Pavliv, S. Bai, T.G. Nick, R.E. Frye, S.J. James. “Evidence of Oxidative Damage and Inflammation Associated with Low Glutathione Redox Status in the Autism Brain.” Translational Psychiatry 2, no. 7 (July 2012): 1-8. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm....pubmed/22781167.

77. Schechtman, Merryl. “Controversial Therapies in the Treatment of Young Children with Developmental Disabilities: Medicial Perspective.” Early Intervention Training Institute Newsletter, Winter 2005-2006. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.genius4ki...nd_adhd_1-1.pdf.

78. Halladay, Alicia. “Avoiding Environmental Hazards During Pregnancy.” Thescienceteam (Autism Speaks Official Blog), April 6, 2012. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.autismspe...uring-pregnancy.

79. Lopes, Erin. “San Fransisco CADDRE Study Suggests Hazardous Air Pollutants may be Associated with Autism Risk.” Autism Speaks, Inc. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.autismspe...-be-associated-.

80. Green, John. “Overview: Detoxification Through Chelation Therapy.” Autism Research Review International 20, no. 1 (2006): 3. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.autism.co...r/201/page3.pdf.

81. Larson, John. “The Unorthodox Practice of Chelation.” Dateline NBC news clip. Posted June 4, 2006. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.msnbc.msn...T/#.UHxKIcVZUYl.

82. Lonsdale, Derrick, Raymond J. Shamberger and Tapan Audhya. “Treatment of Autism Spectrum Children with Thiamine Tetrahydrofurfuryl Disulfide: A Pilot Study.” Neuroendocrinology Letters 23, no. 4 (2002): 303-308. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.nel.edu/p...Lonsdale_rw.pdf.

83. DeLancey, Siobhan. “FDA Issues Warning to Marketers of Unapproved ‘Chelation’ Products.” (Press Release) U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). October 14, 2012. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.fda.gov/N...s/ucm229320.htm.

84. Patel, Kalpana and Luke T. Curtis. “A Comprehensive Approach to Treating Autism and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Prepilot Study.” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 13, no. 10 (2007): 1091-1097. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.hbotnm.co...vMedSUNYasd.pdf.

85. “NIMH Statement on Chelation Trial for Autism Spectrum Disorders.” Autism Speaks, Inc. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.autismspe...ctrum-disorders.

86. Corsello, Serafina, Alessandro Fulgenzi, Daniele Veitti and Maria Elena Ferrero. “The Usefulness of Chelation Therapy for the Remission of Symptoms caused by Previous Treatment with Mercury-Containing Pharmaceuticals: A Case Report.” Cases 2 no. 199 (2009. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.biomedcen...-1626-2-199.pdf.

87. “Chelation Therapy.” CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed October 12, 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/n.../chelation.html.