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National Autism Network

Proposed Causes of Autism


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5. Insel, Thomas. “The New Genetics of Autism – Why Environment Matters. NIMH: National Institute of Mental Health. April 4, 2012. Accessed July 25, 2012. http://www.nimh.nih....t-matters.shtml.

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12. Huginar, Richard L., Tao Wang, Rebeca Mejias, Abby Adamczyk, Victor Anggono, Tajsv Niranjan, Gareth M. Thomas, et al. “Gene Linked to Severity of Autism’s Social Dysfunction.” (press release) Johns Hopkins Medicine. April 6, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://www.hopkinsme...ial_dysfunction.

13. “Transcripts of ‘Genetics of Autism: What it Means for You’ Webchat with Geri Dawson, PhD and Steve Scherer, PhD.” Autism Speaks Official Blog. October 27, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://blog.autismsp...-dawson-schere/.

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15. Pinto, Dalila, Alistair T. Pagnamenta, Lambertus Klei, Richard Anney, Daniele Merico, Regina Regan, Judith Conroy, et al. “Functional Impact of Global Rare Copy Number Variation in Autism Specturm Disorder.” Nature (January 2010): 368-372. Accessed July 26, 2012. doi: 10.1038/nature09146.

16. Hughes, Thomas, and Les Lang. “Large Study Helps Clarify the Genetics of Autism.” (press release) UNC Medical Center News. June 9, 2012. Accessed June 9, 2010. http://www.med.unc.e...tics-of-autism.

17. Moyer, Christine S. “Genetic Mutations, Environmental Factors Linked to Autism.” Amednews. April 16, 2012. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://www.ama-assn....16/hlsa0416.htm.

18. “AGRE for Families.” Autism Genetic Resource Exchange. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://agre.autismsp...or_Families.htm.

19. “Overview.” Autism Genetic Resource Exchange. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://agre.autismsp...CE/Overview.htm.

20. Lajonchere, Clara. “California Autism Twin Study Suggests Prenatal Risk Factors.” Autism Speaks Official Blog. July 4, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://blog.autismsp...l-risk-factors/.

21. “Study Finds Pregnancy at Birth Environment May Affect Development of Autism in Twins.” Autism Speaks, Inc. July 4, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://www.autismspe...pment-autism-tw.

22. “Community Report from the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network: Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) Among Multiple Areas of the United States in 2008.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2012. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/n...nity-Report.pdf.

23. “Why are Autism Spectrum Disorders Increasing?” CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. April 16, 2012. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/F...tismPrevalence/.

24. Blaxill, Mark F. “What’s Going on? The Question of Time Trends in Autism.” Public Health Reports 119 (November-December 2004): 536-551. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/F...tismPrevalence/.

25. Roithmayr, Mark. “1 in 88: We Need a Strategy.” Autism Speaks Official Blog. March 29, 2012. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://www.autismspe...e-need-strategy.

26. Halladay, Alycia. “What is Epigenetics, and What Does it have to do with Autism?” Autism Speaks Official Blog. January 20, 2012. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://blog.autismsp...do-with-autism/.

27. “Why is International Research on the Prevalence of Autism Important?” Autism Speaks Official Blog. December 28, 2010. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://blog.autismsp...tism-important/.

28. Kim, Young Shin, Bennett L. Leventhal, Yun-Joo Koh, Eric Fombonne, Eugene Laska, Eun-Chung Lim, Keun-Ah Cheon, et al. “Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in a Total Population Sample.” American Journal of Psychiatry 168, no. 9 (May 2011):1-9. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://www.autismeur...-prevalence.pdf.

29. Wallis, Claudia. “Study in Korea Puts Autism’s Prevalence 2.6%, Surprising Experts.” New York Times, May 9, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012. http://www.nytimes.c...utism.html?_r=1.

30. Dufour-Rainfray, Diane, Patrick Vourc’h, Sébastien Tourlet, Denis Guilloteau, Sylvie Chalon, Christian R. Andres. “Fetal Exposure to Teratogens: Evidence of Genes Involved in Autism.” Abstract. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 35, no. 5 (April 2011): 1254-1265. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://www.sciencedi...149763410002149.

31. Bromley, Rebecca L., Gus A. Baker, Kimford J. Meador. “Cognitive Abilities and Behaviour of Children Exposed to Antiepileptic Drugs in Utero.Current Opinion in Neurology 22, no. 2 (April 2009): 162-166. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm....les/PMC2743524/.

32. Robison, John Elder. “Ultrasound and Autism – a Possible Link?” Look Me in the Eye (blog), May 20, 2012. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://jerobison.blo...sible-link.html.

33. Grether, J.K., X.S. Li, C.K. Yoshida, L.A. Croen. “Antenatal Ultrasound and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Abstract. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 40, no. 2 (February 2010): 238-245. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm....Pubmed_RVDocSum.

34. “Perinatal.” WebMD. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://dictionary.we...terms/perinatal.

35. Pinto-Martin, Jennifer A., Susan E. Levy, Judith F. Feldman, John M. Lorenz, Nigel Paneth, Agnes H. Whitaker. “Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Adolescents Born Weighing <2000 Grams.” Pediatrics 128, no. 5 (November 2011): 883-891. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://pediatrics.aa...e9-ed511b0939c7.

36. Dallas, Mary Elizabeth. “Pregnancy Length May Influence Severity of Autism.” HealthDay New, April 6, 2012. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://consumer.heal....asp?AID=663432.

37. Limperopoulos, Catherine, Haim Bassan, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Richard L. Robertson, Nancy R. Sullivan, Carol B. Benson, Lauren Avery, et al. “Does Cerebellar Injury in Premature Infants Contribute to the High Prevalence of Long-term Cognitivie, Learning, and Behavioral Disability in Survivors?” Pediatrics 120, no. 3 (September 2007): 584-593. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://pediatrics.aa...ntent/120/3/584.

38. “Study Finds Low Birth Weight Children at High Risk for Autism.” Autism Speaks, Inc. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://www.autismspe...her-risk-autism.

39. Gardener, Hannah, Donna Spiegelman, Stephen L. Buka. “Review Article: Perinatal and Neonatal Risk Factors for Autism: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis.” Pediatrics 128, no. 2 (August 2011): 344-355. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://pediatrics.aa.../128/2/344.long.

40. Braunstein, Glenn. “Andrew Wakefield’s Vaccination and Autism Study: Allegations of Fraud with Financial Motivations.” Huffington Post Los Angeles (blog), January 31, 2011. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://www.huffingto...a_b_816208.html.

41. JAMA and Archives Journals. “Autism: Removing Thimerosal From Vaccines Did not Reduce Autism Cases in California, Report Finds.” ScienceDaily, January 8, 2008. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://www.scienceda...80107181551.htm.

42. Herman, Gail E., Nathan Henninger, Karen Ratliff-Schaub, Matthew Pastore, Sara Fitzgerald, and Kim L. McBride. “Genetic Testing in Autism: How Much is Enough?” Genetics in Medicine 9, no. 5 (May 2007): 268-274. Accessed July 27, 2012. http://www.nature.co.../gim200746a.pdf.

43. “Autism and Fragile X Syndrome.” National Fragile X Foundation. Accessed November 6, 2013. http://www.fragilex....ile-x-syndrome/.

44. Mandavilli, Apoorva. “A Fix for Fragile X.” Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative (SFARI). March 14, 2008. Accessed November 6, 2013. http://sfari.org/new...x-for-fragile-x.

45. Singer, Emily. “Uncommon Testing.” Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative (SFARI). March 27, 2012. Accessed November 6, 2013. http://sfari.org/new...ncommon-testing.