- My Autism Network
What is Autism
Autism in Adulthood
Autism & Education
Resources By State
General Resources cont.
Treatment Specific Resources
Treatment Specific Resources cont.
- A Parent’s Guide to Response to Intervention - This document addresses response to intervention (RTI) in a Q & A format. The purpose of RTI is to allow schools to identify struggling students early and provide appropriate instructional interventions. The article includes a detailed explanation of RTI, questions parents should ask about RTI, and how IDEA is related to RTI.
- A Social Stories Intervention Package for Students with Autism in Inclusive Classroom Settings - Social Stories is an intervention package that has children read Social Stories, answer comprehension questions, and engage in role play to demonstrate what they learned. The intervention package is designed to produce healthy skill sets and social interactions in children with ASD. This study examines two students with autism as they undergo the Social Stories intervention.
- A Student Handbook for Choosing and Using Assistive Technology - This document offers tips to children who are just being introduced to assistive technology as part of their education. The article includes examples of AT, success stories with AT, and evaluation forms about how to choose and use ATs.
- Academic Supports for College Students with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Overview - This overview provides crucial information for academic professionals in regards to autism spectrum disorder. The overview provides guidelines about autism spectrum and how college professors can adjust their classroom atmosphere and curriculum to benefit individuals with ASD.
- Addressing Student Problem Behavior - This guide, created by the Center for Effective Collaboration and Practice, is designed to help IEP teams to develop and to implement functional behavior assessments and behavior intervention plans. Amongst other things, the text describes why a functional assessment of behavior is important and how to evaluate the progress of the intervention plan.
- Assessing Students’ Needs for Assistive Technology - This manual contains over 500 pages of information pertaining to assistive technology for students with special education needs. This resource manual has 16 chapters of information that school district teams will find invaluable. The chapters cover topics like assessing the students’ need for assistive technology, assistive technology for communication, assistive technology for access to computers, and assistive technology for writing.
- Evaluating the College Transition Needs of Individuals with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders - This article examines the significant and unique challenges that high functioning individuals across the autism spectrum face as they transition to college. Some of the important topics within this article include choosing an appropriate college and acquiring life skills.
- Autism Program Quality Indicators - This document was designed as a guide for parents and educators to learn about the effective models of educating individuals with varying forms of ASD. The document is the product of nearly three dozen experts in the fields of education, medicine, and psychology relating to ASD. The two topics focus on program considerations and student considerations for educating individuals with autism.
- Who Are We Working for Anyway? Avoiding Personal Agendas at Meetings to Better Support Individuals across the Autism Spectrum - This article is designed to benefit both parents and teachers by offering advice on how to conduct a thorough, productive meeting in a reasonable amount of time. Some of the advice for schools includes avoiding an “us vs. them” mentality, not assuming the parents are up-to-date on all aspects of the meeting, and avoiding the use of jargon to limit confusion. Some of the advice for the parents includes showing up and being prepared for the meeting, asking questions, and avoiding threatening lawsuits if the meeting does not go the way the parents intended.
- Blinded By Their Strengths: The Topsy-Turvy World of Asperger’s Syndrome - This article highlights some of the tribulations a child with Asperger Syndrome can undergo at school. The article also provides teachers and caregivers specific areas to develop in children with AS.
- Bridging the Gap: Students on Spectrum Find Hope After High School - This brochure discusses the advantages of enrolling individuals with Asperger Syndrome and other learning differences into a College Internship Program. Many colleges lack the necessary resources to allow for individuals with Asperger Syndrome to thrive academically, psychologically, and socially. College Internship Programs’ offer resources to help with life skills, such as organization, proper diet, and sociability.
- Bully Prevention in Positive Behavior Support - The article discusses the results of a positive behavior program designed to decrease incidents of bullying in schools. This 2009 study decreased the rate of incidence of bullying in the 6 children chosen to participate in the positive behavior program.
- Bullying Among Children and Youth with Disabilities and Special Needs - Research indicates children with disabilities and special needs are at a higher risk of being bullied than their peers. This brochure discusses the different types of bullying and the negative effects it can have children. There is also a bullet-pointed section detailing what parents can do if they believe their child is being bullied.
- Classroom Choreography: The Art of Scheduling Staff and Students -This article provides the framework for creating coexisting schedules for students and school staff involved with educating the students. The schedule helps provide a structured learning environment that allows students with ASD to make sense of what is happening and the schedule allows staff members to know where their responsibilities lie throughout the day. The article provides several detailed daily schedules for staff members and students.
- Asperger Syndrome-Classroom Success Next Year - This article was written by Dan Coulter who is the producer of “Asperger Syndrome: Success in the Mainstream Classroom”. The article is directed towards parents of children with Asperger Syndrome and preaches the importance of participating in their child’s education. The article includes steps towards creating an evaluation of the good and the bad, how to create and implement an ideal education program based on that evaluation, and who to seek out to enforce your desired education plan.
- Clean up Your Act! Creating an Organized Classroom Environment for Students on the Spectrum - This helpful article, directed towards educators, explains how important an organized classroom is to benefiting the learning process of an individual on the autism spectrum. The article provides in-depth details on the following tips: 1) Create clear physical and/or visual boundaries to help students know where each area begins and end, and 2) Minimize auditory and visual distractions.
- College Planning for the High Functioning Student with Autism - This light-hearted article is a testimonial of Lars Perner, an assistant professor of clinical marketing at the Marshall School of Business at the time of this article’s publication. He describes being diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome years after college graduation. The article is designed to be a guide for preparing individuals with autism spectrum disorders for college. The topics include preparing for classes and living away from home.
- Comparison of Two Procedures for Teaching Dictated-Word/Symbol Relations to Learners with Autism - This 2004 study compares exclusion training and delayed-cue procedure as methods of teaching word/symbol relations. The study focuses on 2 male children with autism and how they respond to each method. The goal for this study is determine how to best teach word/symbol relations in a classroom setting.
- Complexities of Instructional Support - This article expresses caution towards too much one-on-one instruction for individuals on the autism spectrum for fear of fostering dependence. The article details negatives that can occur if you do not let a child with autism spectrum disorder maintain some of their independence.
- Developing Long Term Relationships between School and Parents - This article focuses on the annual case meeting between parents and a student’s IEP team. The article suggests ways to enhance that meeting by setting up an appropriate time, having both parties provide relevant information to be reviewed ahead of time, and even by deciding the most strategic place to sit.
- Discipline of Special Education Students Under IDEA 2004 - This helpful document contains two flowcharts describing different types of disciplinary procedures for special education students. The first flowchart demonstrates different procedures to follow based on the severity of the disciplinary action. The second flow chart illustrates the process for when a parent or LEA requests a hearing at the Bureau of Special Education Appeals (BSEA). The document also includes a glossary at the end, which goes into great detail to explain certain keywords and phrases.
- Educating Students with Autism: Are There Differences in Placement? - The first section of this article details the survey results of parents and teachers in regards to different educational programs for children on the autism spectrum. The article stresses the importance of parents and teachers communicating with one another and determining the educational programs that provides the most meaningful outcomes for the child.
- Educating the Student with Asperger Syndrome - This document lists the learning and behavioral characteristics of students with Asperger Syndrome and strategies for teachers to combat these difficulties. Categories include difficulties with language, impairment in social interaction, academic difficulties, and several more. Each category includes numerous bullet points for identifying and solving behavioral problems.
- Ensuring Access for Students with Learning Disabilities - This document discusses the rights to use assistive technology to educate individuals with special needs in public schools. The report is broken down into three parts: 1) Background information regarding eligibility requirements and the issue between the rights of students to receive instructional materials vs. economic issues. 2) An analysis of the implications of the National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS)/ National Instructional Materials Access Center (NIMAC) eligibility criteria for students with learning disabilities. 3) Discusses issues for future consideration.
- Establishing Long Term Goals: What are we Hoping to Achieve - This article explains how school curriculums have been shifting away from preparing individuals for college and the “real world” and towards passing meeting academic standards and passing standardized tests. The article lists a set of questions parents should ask themselves about the future of their child with ASD to identify the desired outcomes of their education.
- Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008 - This document is the actual Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008 passed by congress. Several sections of this extensive document pertain to individuals with disabilities, including Part D, which is entitled Programs to Provide Students with Disabilities with a Quality Higher Education.
- Honig vs Doe - This document is the summation of the court case Honig v. Doe, which clarifies students with learning disabilities cannot be expelled due to their behavior under IDEA. This document highlights procedural safeguards, the notion of “stay put”, and free appropriate public education (FAPE).
- How to Get the Most from Your IEP Meeting - The following document is a series of tips created to get allow for the most beneficial Individualized Education Program (IEP) meetings. The article, which was created by two attorneys, is designed for parents and gives them valuable tips from tape recording the meeting to asking for recent evaluations, progress reports, or other relevant documents before the initial IEP meeting.
- Interim Alternative Educational Settings for Children with Disabilities - This manual is intended to guide individuals involved with the design and implementation of interim alternative education settings (IAES). This three chapter guide explains the functions and backgrounds of IAES, the legal provisions pertaining to IEAS, and the best practices for IAES. Another section of the text presents three case studies involving placements of an IAES.
- IDEA - The document is the actual legislation for the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). IDEA legislates special services are to be provided to help educate those with disabilities, including autism disorder.
- IDEA Court Case - This document, from the Wrightslaw Law Library, discloses information about a court case, in which John, a child with ADHD and PDD, was suspended from school due to outbursts and the parents sued the school district. During his suspension John was tutored from home. The court found that the school district had indeed violated the law under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
- Discipline Section of IDEA - This is the actual wording of the procedural safeguards sections of Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The text litigiously explains the procedural safeguards in place for disciplining a child with ASD because of IDEA. However, the text is simple enough for parents of children with ASD to understand the subtext of the material.
- Individualized Education Program (IEP): Summary, Process, and Practical Tips - The 2011 manual, Individualized Education Program (IEP): Summary, Process, and Practical Tips, documented by Autism Speaks, provides interested parties all the information they need in regards to individualized education programs (IEPs). IEPs are designed to best determine how to educate individuals with learning disabilities. The contents of this document will provide the information necessary to request and prepare for an evaluation, how to monitor the IEP, how to review and monitor the IEP, and much more.
- A Guide to the Individualized Education Program - A Guide to the Individualized Education Program¸ created by the U.S. Department of Education in 2000, describes the topics associated with Individualized Education Programs (IEPs). The document discusses the process of creating an IEP for a child, including an IEP’s content, how to write an IEP, implementing the IEP, and more.
- Improving Reading Outcomes for Children with Learning Disabilities - This study taught parents certain reading intervention strategies to develop reading skills in children with learning disabilities. The study was conducted during the summer months as parents were asked to tutor their children using specific reading strategies designed to increase understanding and retention. The efficiency and effectiveness of the program was rated by both the parents and children.
- Inclusion in the Classroom: Finding what Works for General Educational Teachers - This article focuses on inclusion, which means children with disabilities have the right to be educated in the same classroom as the general population. This article discusses the following topics: the advantages and disadvantages of inclusion, the laws that govern inclusion, and how general educators can integrate inclusion into the classroom.
- Inclusive Education and Autism - This article demonstrates the SCERTS model’s effect on individuals with autism. The article provides a detailed summary of the effect of SCERTS on two children on the autism spectrum. The article also includes a parent’s perspective of SCERTS model as an intervention method for autism. The document concludes with a Q&A with an elementary school that implemented the SCERTS model 4 years prior to the writing of this article.
- Individualized Education Program - This article is entitled Play Hearts, Not Poker by Jennifer L. Bollero, a lawyer and a mother of a child with autism. She uses the metaphor of the different card games to describe the dynamic between parents and Individualized Education Program (IEP) designers for their child. The article includes 8 steps to generating more productive IEP meetings for both parties involved.
- Infusing Language/Communication Instruction into the Preschool Classroom: Extension Theme Learning Based on Finding Nemo - This interesting article takes a look at several preschool children on the autism spectrum by observing their interest in the film, Finding Nemo. The four examples within the article demonstrate some of the different traits of ASD and some of the key acknowledgements of traits that must be made by parent/educator to implement proper learning strategies.
- Lessons Learned from First Year of College - This article is a testimonial of a mother of a child with Asperger Syndrome. This articles details all the important preparations needed to send a child with Asperger Syndrome to college. The article is directed towards parents and gives instructions on how to cope with all the new changes that an individual with Asperger Syndrome may encounter.
- Advice from Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder to Teachers Regarding Literacy Instruction - This brief set of guidelines was created in a focus group of 12 adults with autism spectrum disorder. The subject matter of the focus group was suggestions to improve literary instructions to individuals with ASD.
- Meeting the Challenge of Social Pragmatics with Students on the Autism Spectrum - This article provides a detailed introduction to the topic of social pragmatics in relation to individuals with and without ASD. The specific elements of social pragmatics include communication functions, discourse management, register variation, and presupposition. The conclusion of the article briefly describes certain intervention strategies pertaining to social pragmatics.
- Navigating College: A Handbook on Self Advocacy Written for Autistic Students from Autistic Adults - This guide was written by individuals on the autism spectrum to advise college bound individuals on the autism spectrum, although parents and teacher can benefit from this information as well. This guide describes the subjects pertaining to individuals with ASD who are planning on attending or already attending college. The guide provides general information, such as the resources on campus, to specific instruction, such as for example reading your college handbook.
- Social Aspects of Autism in Conflict with NCLB -This extensive article describes the adverse effects of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) on individuals on the autism spectrum. The articles argues that developing social skills is the foundation of learning for individuals with ASD, but NCLB forces these students to undergo a more academically grounded education to meet government standards.
- Opportunity to Communicate: A Crucial Aspect of Fostering Communication Development - This article stresses the need for parents to take advantage of any opportunity to communicate with their child who has autism spectrum disorder. The article discusses some of the barriers that limit communication between parents and children and ways to get around those barriers.
- Parental Rights in Public Education FAPE - This document from the New Jersey Department of Education focuses on the regulations and procedures for parents and school districts regarding Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE). The document details the rights of the parents and the rights of the school regarding a child’s education. Some of the topics discussed are referrals, evaluations, IEPs, due process hearings, and disciplinary procedures.
- Peer Support Programs - This article discusses peer support programs in relation to educating individuals with special needs. The helpful tips within this article include assigning older students as peer supports for younger students, pairing students with ASD together for school events, and recruiting peers to assist students with homework assignments.
- Planning a Comprehensive Program for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders - This article outlines two compatible models for planning and implementing programs for students with autism spectrum disorders. The Ziggurat Model, the first procedure, evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of 5 different aspects of an individual’s attributes. Afterwards, the Comprehensive Autism Planning System (CAPS) is implemented to allow the child’s day to be operationalized and matched to student goals, state standards, and related benchmarks.
- Facilitator’s Guide for Positive Behavioral Support - The Facilitator’s Guide for Positive Behavioral Support is an extensive document designed to explain the different functions of positive behavioral support. This manual provides a step-by-step process to guide teams through assessment, planning, intervention, and evaluation. The guide includes different tips, strategies, examples, and forms to help direct facilitators through the positive behavioral support process.
- Practical Steps to Writing Individualized Education Program (IEP) Goals: And Writing Them Well -This article provides 6 detailed guidelines for the development of well-written goals and objectives for individualized education program (IEP) teams to follow. The conclusion of the article provides some more guidelines regarding the development of effective IEPs.
- Procedural Safeguards notice required under IDEA Part B - This 2011 document contains a list of procedural safeguards under part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Some of the procedural safeguards summarized in this document are unilateral placement, parental consent, mediation, resolution process, and discipline procedures. Although this document is specific to the Connecticut State Department of Education, many of the document’s details apply to the entire nation’s schools, since IDEA is a federal act.
- Promoting the Educational Success of Students with Autism: The Role of the Parent-Staff Relationship - This article discusses strategies to identify and implement procedures that most benefit individuals with ASD. The article describes a study in which 21 individuals on the autism spectrum were educated in integrated and segregated atmospheres. Afterwards, they surveyed the parents to examine if they were satisfied with their child’s educational experience.
- Question and Answers on Secondary Transition - This is one of a series of question and answer documents designed to clarify the regulations for part B of IDEA. The subject is secondary transition services for individuals in need of special education. Transition services may be special education, if provided as specifically designed instruction, or a related service, if required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education.
- Questions and Answers on Discipline Procedures - This text, created by the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS), attempts to clarify some of the regulations associated with Part B of IDEA. This detailed guide includes over 25 questions concerning the clarification of these regulations and their corresponding answers.
- Questions and Answers on Procedural Safeguards and Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children with Disabilities - This document was created in the format of a Q&A session to clarify the due process procedures for complaints filed to the State Educational Agencies (SEAs). The sections of this document are entitled State Complaint Procedures, Mediation, Due Process Complaints, Resolution Process, and Expedited Due Process Hearings, which include appropriate questions and answers concerning each topic.
- Questions and Answers on Secondary Transition - This document, which was revised in 2011, provides frequently asked questions about secondary transition services for individuals with disabilities. The subtopics for this Q & A include federal activities, individualized education program (IEP) goals for postsecondary transition, and summary of performance. This document is important to anyone wishing to learn about how IDEA legislation relates to secondary transition services.
- Recognizing Different Types of Readers with ASD - This article focuses on the challenges of individuals with autism have concerning reading, in regards to the roles of language comprehension and word recognition. The goal of this article is to demonstrate to parents and teachers the basic global patterns of reading to create a more focused assessment of specific skills and to provide a bridge for instruction.
- Reframing Our Thinking and Getting to Know the Child - Because autism is a spectrum disorder, this article preaches in-depth evaluations to get know the individual before developing an intervention plan. The article provides examples of evaluations for strengths, fears, frustrations, areas that need more support, and learning styles and strategies conducted by an IEP team. After these evaluations, the team will discuss and implement the most beneficial interventions for the child.
- Resistance to Disruption in a Classroom Setting - This research study sets out to confirm the evidence that behavior reinforced on a denser schedule is more resistant to disruption than behavior reinforced on a thinner schedule. The study observed 6 individuals with developmental disabilities while they completed everyday tasks in a familiar setting.
- School Cultures that Support Students across the Autism Spectrum - This article focuses on the different attributes of a school and their teachers that generally make for an enriching education for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The text touches on different aspects of a school’s culture, such as disciplinary practices, the teaching climate, and the school’s overall attitude towards its special education programs.
- School Transitions in the Elementary Grades - This article focuses on the challenge of entering elementary school for the first time and the challenges of moving up to new grade levels or changing schools completely, which are monumental events for a child with ASD. The article is essentially broken up into these two topics, and provides a variety of tips for meeting these challenges.
- SMART IEPs - This text is pulled from chapter 12 of Wrightslaw: From Emotions to Advocacy-The Special Education Survival Guide, 2nd Edition by Pam and Pete Wright. This chapter highlights the importance of IEPs and how to prepare for the IEP meetings as parents. The chapter also promotes an IEP plan that is tailored to meet specific goals in a reasonable amount of time to enhance the progress of your child’s education.
- Standardized Tests and Students with an Autism Spectrum Disorder - This article explains what standardized tests are and how they affect individuals with autism. These tests are often biased against people with ASD because of their inability towards language comprehension. The subject matter also includes alternatives for individuals with autism spectrum disorder in regards to standardized testing.
- Sticks and Stones Will Break my Bones, and Names Hurt Too - This article specifies the pressures individuals with learning disabilities are forced to deal with due to bullying. The article includes a personal testimonial to be the victim of bullying and how individuals with Asperger Syndrome may not comprehend how their behavior irritates others, causing them to become targets of bullying. The article also includes different strategies to understand and to cope with bullying.
- Students with Asperger’s Syndrome in General Education Classrooms - This article demonstrates the characteristics of Asperger’s Syndrome and interventions teachers can implement to help educate these students in general classroom settings. The latter half of this article discusses the Academics, Behavior, and Communications, or ABCs, intervention plan, and the different strategies teachers can use to help students with ASD function within the classroom.
- Supporting Students with Asperger’s Syndrome who Present Behavioral Challenges - This article investigates the general characteristics of Asperger’s Syndrome and questions to ask when conducting a functional behavioral assessment. The article also discusses some of the strategies for positively affecting behavior, such as antecedent/setting event strategies, alternative skills training, and consequence strategies.
- Surviving Middle School - This account details the trepidations parents of children and children with Asperger Syndrome have when transitioning to middle school. The article provides tips and advice for parents to help make their child’s adjustment easier. The article was written by Elizabeth Lewandowski, a mother of a child with Asperger Syndrome.
- Teaching Effective Hand Raising in Children with Autism During Group Instruction - This article documents the scientific method researchers used to develop accurate hand raising functions in children with autism. The article includes their methods and their results for training three autistic boys to raise their hands correctly.
- Teaching Students Who Are Low-Functioning: Who Are They and What Should We Teach? - This article demonstrates how to educate a person with severe disabilities and how to focus on teaching basic life skills, as oppose to the typical school curriculum. The conclusion of this article includes a list of suggestions for educating individuals on the autism spectrum.
- Teaching Tips for Children and Adults with Autism - This article was written by Temple Grandin, a person who overcame the challenges of autism to become a college professor. In this article she explains how a regimental teaching strategy allowed her to prosper as an individual. She also goes into detail about 28 different behavioral issues associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
- Ten Steps towards Supporting Appropriate Behavior - This article is directed towards schools, and lists 10 ways to achieve the best outcomes of behavior for students on the autism spectrum. The article offers helpful tips liking focusing on prevention, as oppose to focusing on consequences, and allocating collaboration of educators, administrators, related service personnel, and parents.
- The Challenge of Combining Competing Input in the Classroom - This informative article provides an interesting hypothetical view into the world a student who experiences movement differences due autism spectrum disorder. The bulk of the article lists environmental, material or activity, and interactive/instructional accommodations for students on the autism spectrum.
- The Collective Outcomes of School-Based Social Skill Interventions for Children on the Autism Spectrum - This article examines the research findings that state social skill intervention only has a minimal effect on children with autism spectrum disorder. This article takes these findings and provides detailed recommendations to improve the tactics of gathering social skill data, which hopefully lead to improving social skills in children with autism disorder.
- The Effects of Response Cards on Student and Teacher Behavior during Vocabulary Instruction - The use of response cards is based on the theory that children work best when they are actively engaged in learning the relevant material. This study observed the effects of response cards and hand raising on academic achievement and on teacher behavior during whole-class vocabulary instruction.
- The Road to Post-Secondary Education: Questions to Consider - This article provides advice on preparing your child with ASD for post-secondary education. The article gives advice on how individuals on the autism spectrum should prepare for college by deciding their course of study, deciding how far away they want live from home, inquiring about student populations, and investigating support services.
- The Role of the School Speech Language Pathologist and the Students with Autism - This comprehensive article covers a wide range of information about the relationship between language pathologists and students on the autism spectrum. The article talks about the direct service model, the consultation model, and the collaboration model as viable therapies for language pathologists to utilize. The article also discusses the possible roles a speech language pathologist might fulfill for a child with ASD.
- There is No Place Called Inclusion - This article details the controversial issue of inclusion in education. Inclusion is the belief that all students should be members of the general education community, which means individuals with special education needs have the same right to resources as everybody else. This article also provides general guidelines for improving the education of individuals with ASD.
- Tips for Teaching High Functioning People with Autism - This article includes a wide ranges of topics focusing on teaching individuals with varying degrees of ASD. This article is full of helpful tips for teachers and parents. The scope of this article ranges from behavior management to using an arbitrary means of designating class partners, so an autistic individual does not feel neglected by his/her peers.
- Tips to Consider When Including a Student with ASD in Art, Music, or Physical Education - This article provides some simple steps for teachers to follow when trying to educate an individual with ASD in the subjects of art, music, or physical education. The article encompasses general steps like learning about autism and understanding environmental issues, but also gives advice pertaining to each individual subject.
- Understanding the Student with Asperger's Syndrome: Guidelines for Teachers - This article, written by Karen Williams of the Univeristy of Michigan, focuses on different suggestions for educating individuals with ASD. The following categories within the article provide programming, or teaching, suggestions for the symptoms of ASD: Insistence on Sameness, Impairment in Social Interaction, Restricted Range of Interests, Poor Concentration, Poor Motor Coordination, Academic Difficulties, and Emotional Vulnerability.
- "I Can Do It Myself!" Using Work Systems to Build Independence in Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders - This article highlights the importance of independence for maturing individuals and lists the challenges of achieving and maintaining that independence for individuals on the autism spectrum. This article also expresses what a work system does and how work systems are used to address independence for students with ASD.
- What do I Really Need to Know? - This article provides a set of questions teachers should answer to help cope with the obstacles of educating an individual on the autism spectrum. The article seeks to build competence in teachers who view educating an individual with ASD as a chore, instead of an opportunity to enrich their lives.
- Who Are We Working for Anyway? Avoiding Personal Agendas at Meetings to Better Support Individuals across the Autism Spectrum - This article focuses on ways for parents and members of the individualized education program (IEP) team to set personal agendas to the side to conduct the most beneficial meeting possible for the child with ASD. The article lists some of the stumbling blocks and obstacles parents and schools must overcome. The article concludes with suggestions for both schools and families to conduct an ideal IEP team meeting.
- Opportunities Suspended: The Devastating Consequences of Zero Tolerance and School Discipline - This report highlights the cons of enacting a zero-tolerance policy for children. These policies are illegal in most cases in regards to children with special needs under the protection of IDEA.
- Zero Tolerance and Special Education - This article, from The Harvard Graduate, focuses on zero-tolerance policies and their effect on individuals with IEPs. Zero tolerance policies, when enacted to the letter of the law, do not allow for any flexibility in punishments when certain forms of misconduct occur. This article highlights some instances of zero tolerance being illegal when enacted upon children with IEPs.
- Motivating Students Who Have Autism Spectrum Disorders - This article focuses on motivating an individual with ASD. The important heading of this informative document are as follows: Know the Individual, Structure a Support Environment, Use Instructional Strategies which Support Successful Outcomes, and In General, Accentuate the Positive; Disempower the Negative.
- Practical Recommendations for Utilizing a Range of Instructional Approaches in General Education Settings - This article promotes diverse intervention strategies as a method of treating autism spectrum disorder. Some of the interventions discussed include video-taped self-modeling, TEACCH, and pivotal response training. The conclusion of this article includes a list of clinical factors professionals should consider when choosing intervention strategies.
- Occupational Therapy in School Settings - This short article from the American Occupational Therapy, Inc. describes the function of an occupational therapist. An occupational therapist is concerned with the individual on the autism spectrum’s ability to participate in daily life activities. The article also lists what an occupational therapist must know, and lists who an occupational therapist works with.
- Occupational Therapy Tips for Health & Success in School - This document contains some quick and helpful tips from occupational therapists. The list applies to typically developing children, but much of the advice can be helpful to individuals on the autism spectrum as well.
- Role of Occupational Therapy with Children and Youth in School-Based Practice - This document contains a slideshow from The American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc. (AOTA), which explains the role of occupational therapy (OT) with children in school. The slides discuss the skills occupational therapists try to instill in a child with ASD, an explanation of OT being designated as a related service, and examples of occupational therapy in action.
- Tips for Educators: Occupational Therapy - Occupational therapists work closely with members of the school IEP team to help students with autism to access, progress, and participate in the curriculum. This article provides a list of tips for educators to help ease transitions, to monitor sensory needs, to address mental health needs, and to develop peer relationships for children on the autism spectrum.
- Preparing Youth With Autism Spectrum Disorder for Adulthood: A Transition for Educators- This toolkit is designed to help educators address the areas involved with transitioning individuals on the autism spectrum from school to a secondary program or employment. The areas addressed include supports for transition services and activities, communication, sensory self-regulation, employment, independent living skills, and more.