- My Autism Network
What is Autism
Autism in Adulthood
Autism & Education
Resources By State
General Resources cont.
Treatment Specific Resources
Treatment Specific Resources cont.
Occupational Therapy Resources
- A case study of a five-year-old child with pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified using sound-based interventions - This document contains a 2009 study from Occupational Therapy International. The study investigated the efficacy of The Listening Program in treating a child with pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The article provides an extensive summary of ASD, AIT, and The Listening program before delving into the method and results of the study.
- Driving and Community Mobility for Occupational Therapy - This article discusses the role of occupational therapy in determining if an individual has the sensory, cognitive, and motor performance skills to independently drive. The article explains how some occupational therapists specialize in driving rehabilitation, which means they focus entirely on the occupation of driving. The appendices of this article detail the organizations associated with community mobility, the services OTs provide in relation to community mobility, and the domain of occupational therapy specific to community mobility.
- Facilitating Employment of Individuals with Developmental Disabilities - This article explains the role of occupational therapy in finding employment for individuals with developmental disabilities. The article bullet points some of the ways occupational therapy practitioners facilitate the employment of individuals with developmental disabilities.
- FAQ What is Occupational Therapy’s Role in Supporting Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorder? - This article discusses some of the frequently asked questions regarding occupational therapy’s role in supporting individuals on the autism spectrum. The article details the services provided, examples of evaluation and interventions, and numerous resources regarding autism and occupational therapy.
- Glossary of Recreation Therapy and Occupational Therapy - This extensive glossary is a helpful reference for any parent, student, or educator interested in recreation therapy and occupational therapy. The glossary contains hundreds of words and a wide-ranging list of symbol and abbreviation meanings.
- Guidelines for Occupational Therapy in Educational Settings - This document was created by the Connecticut State Department of Education to provide guidelines to promote the best practice of occupational therapy in educational settings, to encourage a continuum of service delivery options, and to provide an overview of the conceptual framework of occupational therapy as a support in educational settings. The document includes an extensive section of laws and regulations, and a section devoted to collaboration. The document also has plenty of checklists pertaining to various aspects of occupational therapy in the classroom.
- Issues in Physical and Occupational Therapy - This article takes the form of a Q & A session about IEP issues involved with occupational and physical therapy. The document contains 35 questions parents and educators may find useful. The questions are divided up into the following categories: IEP Issues, supervision of Certified Occupational Therapy Assistants (COTAs) and Physical Therapy Assistants (PTAs), Provision of Services Issues, Eligibility and Dismissal Issues, and Miscellaneous Issues.
- Mental Health in Children and Youth - This article discusses how occupational therapy practitioners provide support for children on the autism spectrum. The article concludes with a list of different professions OTs work with, and a brief description of their responsibilities to each of the profession.
- Occupational Therapy and School Mental Health - School mental health can be defined as any mental health service of support provided in a school setting. The article describes some of the skills of occupational therapists, how they collaborate with the school team, and how occupational therapy promotes mental health in students. The article concludes with an example of occupational therapy services within a public health model.
- Occupational Therapy and Universal Design for Learning - One of the main subjects an occupational therapist must be knowledgeable about is the strategies and principles of Universal Design for Learning (UDL). The principles of UDL describe the process of learning as the interaction between the recognition, strategic, and affective neuronal networks. The article describes the function of each of these networks, and explains why UDL is important for the education of individuals on the autism spectrum.
- Occupational Therapy Fact Sheet - This fact sheet explores an occupational therapist’s role in the treatment of ASD. Occupational therapy focuses on enhancing participation in the different aspects of everyday living. The text describes the functions, services, and evaluations pertaining to occupational therapy and ASD.
- Occupational Therapy in School Settings - This short article from the American Occupational Therapy, Inc. describes the function of an occupational therapist. An occupational therapist is concerned with the individual on the autism spectrum’s ability to participate in daily life activities. The article also lists what an occupational therapist must know, and lists who an occupational therapist works with.
- Occupational Therapy Tips for Health & Success in School - This document contains some quick and helpful tips from occupational therapists. The list applies to typically developing children, but much of the advice can be helpful to individuals on the autism spectrum as well.
- Occupational Therapy’s Commitment to Nondiscrimination and Inclusion - This article provides the general stance of occupational therapists in regards to nondiscrimination and inclusion. In terms of an occupational therapist, nondiscrimination requires that all individuals be perceived as having the same basic human rights and opportunities. Inclusion requires that individuals have the same opportunities to participate in the naturally occurring activities of society, like having access to public transportation.
- Role of Occupational Therapy with Children and Youth in School-Based Practice - This document contains a slideshow from The American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc. (AOTA), which explains the role of occupational therapy (OT) with children in school. The slides discuss the skills occupational therapists try to instill in a child with ASD, an explanation of OT being designated as a related service, and examples of occupational therapy in action.
- School System SIS Frequently Asked Questions - This document contains 20 frequently asked questions pertaining to occupational therapy and school. The document draws from resources, such as the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), and the individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The document also includes a helpful chart that details the specific areas occupational therapists work to develop.
- The Effects of Occupational Therapy with Sensory Integration Emphasis on Preschool-Age Children with Autism - This article examines the effects of a study that focused on occupational therapy intervention emphasizing sensory integration by observing 5 preschool aged children with ASD. The study measured the children’s engagement in the following categories: mastery play, non-engagement, adult interaction, and Peer interaction. The article also details the results observed from each category after undergoing occupational therapy.
- Tips for Educators: Occupational Therapy - Occupational therapists work closely with members of the school IEP team to help students with autism to access, progress, and participate in the curriculum. This article provides a list of tips for educators to help ease transitions, to monitor sensory needs, to address mental health needs, and to develop peer relationships for children on the autism spectrum.
- Transforming Caseload to Workload in School-Based and Early Intervention Occupational Therapy Services - This article is targeted towards occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants, and discusses how to manage growing caseloads to provide proficient service to your clients. The article provides practitioners a 3-step process to workload management. The three steps for beginning a workload management approach include collecting data, grouping tasks into categories, and analyzing the results to make future decisions about your availability and delivery of occupational therapy services.
- Transitions for Children and Youth- How Occupational Therapy can Help - This helpful article was created by the American Occupational Therapy Association. This article explains how occupational therapy supports the transition phases of individuals on the autism spectrum. The article lists the supports of occupational therapy for the specific transition phases of early intervention to preschool, preschool to kindergarten, and high school to adult life.
Sensory Integration Resources
- Efficacy of Sensory and Motor Interventions for Children with Autism- This study evaluates the scientific basis of sensory and motor interventions used with children on the autism spectrum. Amongst other subjects, the document examines sensory stimulation techniques, auditory integration training, and visual therapies. The study concludes with a description of the implication of the findings on further research and education.
- Keeping Current In...Sensory Integration- This article, from the CanChild Centre for Childhood Disability Research, describes the controversy surrounding sensory integration. The article defines sensory integration therapy, and describes the efficacy of sensory integration theory. The text concludes with some guidelines for the implications for clinical practice.
- Sensory Integration and the Perceptual Experience of Persons with Autism- This 2006 article is an excerpt from the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. The text describes ways data is collected from individuals on the autism spectrum through parent questionnaires and rating scales, retrospective video analyses, and personal accounts of those with the disorder. The article goes on to compare multisensory processing in typical human beings compared to those diagnosed with ASD.
- Sensory Integration: A Review of the Current State of the Evidence- This article is a review of sensory integration from the point of view of an occupational therapist. The article provides an extensive summary of sensory integration, how to identify the sensory integrative dysfunction, and a summary of the integration therapy. The article concludes with some tips for occupational therapists regarding sensory integration therapy for individuals on the autism spectrum.
- Sensory Integration Theory Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Clinical Evidence- This document contains a summary of research abstracts pertaining to sensory integration therapy. The 2011 document contains over a dozen abstracts of studies ranging from 2001 to 2010.
- Sensory Processing in Children With and Without Autism: A Comparative Study Using the Short Sensory Profile- This document contains a study comparing the differences in sensory processing between children on the autism spectrum and typically developing children between the ages of 3 and 6. The study examined the sight, taste, movement, hearing, and visual sensitivities of the children. The study observed these senses through certain behaviors, including distress during grooming, enjoying strange noises, will only eat certain tastes, has a weak grasp, and difficulty paying attention.
- It's Too Loud! Don't Touch Me! That Tastes Funny! Sensory Integration Therapy and Children with Autism- This handout about sensory integration therapy for individuals on the autism spectrum. The handout is a mini Q&A session about how sensory integration therapy can help individuals on the autism spectrum. The text concludes with a list of links to different activities that can be helpful when implementing sensory integration therapy.
- The Application of a Sensory Integration Treatment Based on Virtual Reality-Tangible Interaction for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder- This 2006 study examines the use of virtual reality technology in conjunction with sensory integration therapy. Sensory integration therapy emphasizes the relationship between sensory experiences and motor and behavioral performance. The study focused on 12 autistic children and 20 typical children. The study found that all but one of the original participants were able to complete the assigned tasks.
- The Effect of Sound-Based Intervention on Children with Sensory Processing Disorders and Visual–Motor Delays- This study that examines the effects of a sensory diet and a therapeutic listening intervention program on individuals with autism spectrum disorder. The study focused on 10 children from the ages of 5 to 11. The study shows that individuals demonstrated a “remarkable improvement in behavior that reflected sensory processing.”
- Understanding Ayres Sensory Integration®- This article discusses the core principles of Sensory Integration Therapy as developed by Dr. Jane Ayres. The article should inform the reader why the term Ayres Sensory Integration® was trademarked, about the core concept of Ayres Sensory Integration in relation to typical development, patterns of sensory integration dysfunction, and principles of intervention, and about the differences between Ayres Sensory Integration and other approaches.